Health Logo. Diabetes Awareness: Assess Risk & Save Lives

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, worsening over time (if untreated) as the body develops insulin resistance.  While individuals with type 1 diabetes (usually diagnosed in childhood) do not make insulin, people with type 2 diabetes either do not make enough insulin or do not use the insulin properly, causing glucose build-up in the blood which can have damaging effects on the body. 

According to the American Diabetes Association, as of its last study in 2012, 29.1 million Americans (9.3% of the population) had diabetes, a 1% increase from 2010 [1].  This infographic, as well as the ADA’s site, is a good starting point for learning more about diabetes.

Checking Blood Sugar.

Below you will find some of our favorite diabetes-related calculators, as you start to assess your risk for diabetes and initiate conversations with your doctor.  As with all other web resources, none of these are to replace a consultation with your doctor.

  1. Diabetes Risk
    1. Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test
    2. Are You at Risk for Adult-Onset Diabetes?
    3. QDiabetes Risk Calculator
    4. ARIC Diabetes Risk Calculator
    5. Diabetes Risk Index
    6. 8-Year Risk Prediction for Diabetes Mellitus
    7. Gargano Mortality Risk Score
    8. Body Weight Calculator to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes
  2. Blood Sugar Levels
    1. Blood Sugar Conversion
    2. Glycated Hemoglobin to Estimated Average Glucose
    3. Glycated Hemoglobin Conversion
    4. Convert Whole-Blood Readings to Plasma Readings
    5. Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Calculator
  3. Diabetes Complications
    1. Metabolic Syndrome Severity Calculator
    2. Ocular Hypertension to Glaucoma Risk Calculator
    3. Reduction in Blood Sugar to Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes Risk

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test
Available in a printable paper version as well (great for bringing to less tech-savvy loved ones), this 7-question quiz helps introduce some of the key risk factors for diabetes and give an estimate of the likelihood of developing this disease.

Are You at Risk for Adult-Onset Diabetes?
This test evaluates age-, gender-, and weight- appropriate risk factors to determine your likelihood for developing diabetes.

QDiabetes Risk Calculator
Based on unique data collected from thousands of doctors in the UK as part of the QDScore data published in the British Medical Journal, this calculator collects basic demographic and lifestyle data and calculates the likelihood of developing diabetes.

ARIC Diabetes Risk Calculator
Acknowledging that different races are predisposed for diabetes in different ways, this calculator factors in race (Caucasian or African-American) and age (45 to 64 years) to estimate the likelihood of a non-diabetic individual developing diabetes in the next nine years.

Diabetes Risk Index
This tool is particularly helpful as it comes with a fact sheet and detailed exploration of all risk factors; the quiz results identify the risk factors most urgent for you, as well as personalized tips on how to overcome them and prevent diabetes.

8-Year Risk Prediction for Diabetes Mellitus
This calculator uses certain blood measurements in conjunction with demographic and lifestyle details to calculate the risk of developing diabetes mellitus in the next 8 years.

Gargano Mortality Risk Score
This risk calculator is for individuals already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes; input basic demographic and vital measurements to obtain a risk estimate for mortality due to diabetes complications in the next two years, and therefore understand the severity of your diabetes diagnosis.

Body Weight Calculator to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes
Obesity is one of the most significant risk factors for type 2 diabetes.  This tool helps calculate how much weight you need to lose, and how much your risk for developing diabetes will be reduced as a consequence.

Blood Sugar Levels

Blood Sugar Conversion
This simple calculator helps convert units on blood glucose levels between the US mg/dl to the British mmol/l.

Glycated Hemoglobin to Estimated Average Glucose
This is another simple calculator, converting between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c, which gives a three-month average glucose level) and estimated average glucose, for further elaboration of blood glucose control.  Contrast glycated hemoglobin to direct measurement of blood glucose levels, which is more like a blood glucose snapshot.

Glycated Hemoglobin Conversion
This tool converts glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels to average plasma glucose levels and average whole blood glucose levels.

Convert Whole-Blood Readings to Plasma Readings
This calculator converts between whole-blood and plasma blood glucose levels.

Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Calculator
This calculator explains the meaning of and helps you look up and calculate the glycemic index and glycemic load of the food you eat, so that you can manage your blood glucose levels.

Diabetes Complications

Metabolic Syndrome Severity Calculator
Metabolic syndrome is the result of a convergence of risk factors that predispose individuals for heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.  This calculator helps you identify your risk for metabolic syndrome, so that you can make informed decisions to appropriately tackle any risk factors present in your life.

Ocular Hypertension to Glaucoma Risk Calculator
Diabetes has recently been identified as a potential risk factor for developing glaucoma.  Though you will likely need to discuss this test with your doctor (and it requires data from very specific tests), use this calculator as a starting point for both discussion of as well as learning about your risk for glaucoma.

Reduction in Blood Sugar to Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy
Type 2 diabetes can also lead to retinal damage; this tool underscores the importance of reducing blood sugar levels to reduce likelihood of retinopathy.